Poverty, inequality, social policies, and economic and subjective well-being in China and their international comparisons; International social and economic development; International program and impact evaluation; Rural-to-urban migration in China and Asian American immigrants
Qin Gao is Professor of Social Policy and Social Work at the Columbia School of Social Work (CSSW) and a Faculty Affiliate of the Columbia Population Research Center and Weatherhead East Asian Institute. She is also an Academic Board Member of the China Institute for Income Distribution at Beijing Normal University and a Public Intellectual Fellow of the National Committee on United States-China Relations. Before joining the faculty of CSSW, she was a Professor and Coordinator of International Initiatives at Fordham University Graduate School of Social Service.
Dr. Gao’s current research examines the following topics: 1) the Chinese welfare state in transition: size, structure, and redistributive effects; 2) effectiveness and impacts of Dibao, China’s primary social assistance program, and other anti-poverty policies and programs; 3) gender inequality in time use in China and beyond; 4) social protection for rural-to-urban migrants in China and Asian American immigrants; and 5) cross-national comparative social policies and programs. Dr. Gao’s work has been supported by multiple national and international funding sources such as the National Social Science Fund of China, UNICEF, and the World Bank.
Qin Gao, Welfare, Work and Poverty: Social Assistance in China (Oxford University Press, 2017).
PEER-REVIEWED JOURNAL ARTICLES:
Gao, Q., & Rickne, J. (2016). Inequality in social insurance participation and generosity: Do firm characteristics matter? Social Policy & Administration. DOI: 10.1111/spol.12195.
Gao, Q., & Zhai, F. (2016). Public assistance, economic prospect, and happiness in urban China. Social Indicators Research. DOI: 10.1007/s11205-015-1174-4.
Han, H., Gao, Q., & Xu, Y. (2016). Welfare participation and family consumption choices in rural China. Global Social Welfare. DOI 10.1007/s40609-016-0066-0.
Lu, J., & Gao, Q. (2016). Faith and happiness in China: Roles of religious identity, beliefs, and practice. Social Indicators Research. DOI 10.1007/s11205-016-1372-8.
Gao, Q., Wu, S., & Zhai, F. (2015). Welfare participation and time use in China. Social Indicators Research, 124: 863-887.
Gao, Q., Yang, S., & Li, S. (2015). Welfare, targeting, and anti-poverty effectiveness: The case of urban China. Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, 56: 30-42.
Gao, Q., Ying, Q., & Luo, D. (2015). Hidden income and occupational background: Evidence from Guangzhou. Journal of Contemporary China, 24(94): 721-741.
Yang, S., Gao, Q., & Li, S. (2015). Targeting and anti-poverty performance of the Minimum Livelihood Guarantee program in urban China. Studies in Labor Economics, 3(3): 52-78. (in Chinese)
Gao, Q., Zhai, F., Yang, S., & Li, S. (2014). Does welfare enable family expenditures on human capital? Evidence from China. World Development, 64: 219-231.
Gao, Q., & Rickne, J. (2014). Firm ownership and social insurance inequality in transitional China: Evidence from a large panel of firm data. European Journal of Social Security, 16(1): 2-25. Winner of Best Paper Prize, awarded to the best paper presented at the 20th Foundation for International Studies on Social Security (FISS) conference.
Gao, Q., Yang, S., & Li, S. (2013). The Chinese welfare state in transition: 1988-2007. Journal of Social Policy, 42(4): 743-762.
Gao, Q. (2013). Public assistance and poverty reduction: The case of Shanghai. Global Social Policy, 13(2): 193-215.
Yang, S., Gao, Q., & Li, S. (2013). Social welfare system and income distribution in China: 1988-2007. Economic Theory and Business Management, 2013(3): 29-38. (in Chinese)
Gao, Q., Yang, S., & Li, S. (2012). Labor contracts and social insurance participation among migrant workers in China. China Economic Review, 23(4): 1195-1205.
Gao, Q., & Zhai, F. (2012). Anti-poverty family policies in China: A critical evaluation. Asian Social Work and Policy Review, 6(1): 122-135.
Gao, Q., Yoo, J.Y., Yang, S., & Zhai, F. (2011). Welfare residualism: A comparative study of the basic livelihood security systems in China and South Korea. International Journal of Social Welfare, 20(2): 113-124.
Gao, Q. (2010). Redistributive nature of the Chinese social benefit system: Progressive or regressive? The China Quarterly, 201(1): 1-19.
Gao, Q., Zhai, F., & Garfinkel, I. (2010). How does public assistance affect family expenditures? The case of urban China. World Development, 38(7): 989-1000.
Gao, Q., & Zhai, F. (2010). Demographic changes and household income in urban China: 1988-2002. Journal of Asian Public Policy, 3(1): 18-36.
Zhai, F., & Gao, Q. (2010). Center-based care in the context of the one-child policy in China: Do child gender and siblings matter? Population Research and Policy Review, 29(5): 745-774.
Zhai, F., Raver, C., Jones, S., Li-Grining, C., Pressler, E., & Gao, Q. (2010). Dosage effects of classroom-based interventions on school readiness: Evidence from a randomized experiment in Head Start settings. Social Service Review, 84(4): 709-711.
Gao, Q., Garfinkel, I., & Zhai, F. (2009). Anti-poverty effectiveness of the Minimum Living Standard Assistance policy in urban China. Review of Income and Wealth, 55(s1): 630-655.
Zhai, F., & Gao, Q. (2009). Child maltreatment among Asian Americans: Characteristics and explanatory framework. Child Maltreatment, 14(2): 207-224.
Gao, Q. (2008). The Chinese social benefit system in transition: Reforms and impacts on income inequality. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1136: 342-347.
Zhai, F., & Gao, Q. (2008). Center-based early childhood education and care in China: Policies, trends, and implications. Asian Social Work and Policy Review, 2(3): 127-148.
Kaushal, N., Gao, Q., & Waldfogel, J. (2007). Welfare reform and family expenditures: How are single mothers adapting to the new welfare and work regime? Social Service Review, 81(3), 369-396. Winner of the 2008 Frank R. Breul Memorial Prize, awarded to the best article published in Social Service Review in 2007.
Lewis, C., Garfinkel, I., & Gao, Q. (2007). Incarceration and unwed fathers in fragile families. Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare, 34(3): 77-94.
Rich, L., Garfinkel, I., & Gao, Q. (2007). Child support enforcement policy and unmarried fathers’ employment in the underground and regular economies. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 26(4): 765-784.
Gao, Q. (2006). The social benefit system in urban China: Reforms and trends from 1988 to 2002. Journal of East Asian Studies, 6(1): 31-67.
PEER-REVIEWED BOOK CHAPTERS:
Gao, Q., Evans, M., & Garfinkel, I. (2013). Social benefits and income inequality in post-socialist China and Vietnam. In Baehler, K. & Besharov, D. (eds.), Chinese Social Policy in a Time of Transition. Oxford University Press.
Gao, Q., & Riskin, C. (2013). Generosity and participation: Variations in urban China’s Minimum Livelihood Guarantee policy. In Kennedy, D. & Stiglitz, J. E. (eds.), Law and Economics with Chinese Characteristics: Institutions for Promoting Development in the 21st Century. Oxford University Press.
Gao, Q., Garfinkel, I., & Zhai, F. (2011). How effective is the Minimum Living Standard Assistance policy in urban China? In Xu, X., Li, S., Wu, X., & Yue, X. (eds.), Productivity and Income Distribution: Macro Accounting and Micro measurement. Beijing: Peking University Press. (in Chinese)
Kaushal, N., & Gao, Q. (2011). Food Stamp program and consumption choices in low-educated single mother families. In Grossman, M. (ed.), Economic Aspects of Obesity. University of Chicago Press.
Riskin, C., & Gao, Q. (2010). The changing nature of urban poverty in China. In Anand, S., Segal, P. & Stiglitz, J. E. (eds.), Debates in the Measurement of Global Poverty. Oxford University Press.
Gao, Q., & Riskin, C. (2009). Market versus social benefits: Explaining China’s changing income inequality. In Davis, D. & Wang, F. (eds.), Creating Wealth and Poverty in Postsocialist China. Stanford University Press.
Gao, Q., Kaushal, N., & Waldfogel, J. (2009). How have expansions in the Earned Income Tax Credit affected family expenditures? In Ziliak, J. (ed.), Ten Years after: Evaluating the Long-Term Effects of Welfare Reform on Children, Families, Welfare, and Work. Cambridge University Press.
Gao, Q. (2008). Social benefits in urban China: Determinants and impacts on income inequality in 1988 and 2002. In Wan, G. (ed.), Understanding Inequality and Poverty in China: Methods and Applications. Palgrave Macmillan.